CDC researchers have developed technology that consists of a simple and inexpensive technique for creating fluorescent labeled primers for nucleic acid amplification. Fluorescent chemical-labeled probes and primers are extensively used in clinical and research laboratories for rapid, real-time detection and identification of microbes and genetic sequences. During nucleic acid amplification, the "UniFluor" primer is incorporated into newly synthesized double stranded DNA.
CDC scientists have developed a rapid and cost-efficient method for generating fluorescently labeled primers for PCR and real-time PCR. At present, fluorescent primers are useful for detecting and identifying microbes and specific nucleic acid sequences, amplifying nucleic acids for pyro-sequencing, determining the levels of gene expression, and many other uses. However, problems exist with current techniques used to create fluorescent primers. For one, labeling is not one hundred percent efficient, leading to inaccurate results.
Automated Microscopic Image Acquisition, Compositing and Display Software Developed for Applied Microscopy/Cytology Training and Analysis
Micro-Screen is a CDC developed software program designed to capture images and archive and display a compiled image(s) from a portion of a microscope slide in real time. This program allows for the re-creation of larger images that are constructed from individual microscopic fields captured in up to five focal planes and two magnifications. This program may be especially useful for the creation of data archives for diagnostic and teaching purposes and for tracking histological changes during disease progression.
CDC researchers have developed a novel method that generates globally amplified DNA copies retaining parental methylation information; making accurate DNA-archiving for methylation studies much more feasible and cost-effective than undertaking such an endeavor with alternate technologies. This unique approach eliminates a significant bottleneck in the collection of methylation information in the genome(s) of an individual organism, hosts and pathogens.
With respect to quantification of metabolites in the brain, conventional methods of magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) yield results that are highly variable and highly dependent on the sequence type being applied. This invention describes a novel MRS technique that involves preparing longitudinal steady states at different flip angles using trains of RF pulses interspersed with field gradients to quantify metabolites.
The molecular imaging technique of positron emission tomography (PET) is an increasingly important tool in biomedical research and in drug discovery and development. Many small molecule drugs and potential PET radiotracers carry trifluoromethyl (CF3) groups. Because CF3 groups are generally considered to be metabolically stable, there is a strong interest in developing drugs with these groups.
This technology includes two new salt forms for (2R,6R)-hydroxynorketamine (2R,6R-HNK), which is the lead molecule being developed for treatment-resistant depression. Currently, 2R,6R-HNK is being developed as the HCl salt. The HCl salt is slightly hygroscopic at high RH. This is a potential liability, especially in an oral pill form. Recently the malonate and salicylate salt have been discovered and found to have excellent crystalline behavior while also not having the hygroscopic liability the HCl salt holds. This represents a clear advantage.
In the last decade, prescription opioid abuse and misuse has been a major contributor to mortality in the United States, resulting in a serious national public health crisis. Nearly 12 million Americans used prescription opioids nonmedically in 2018, with >67,000 people dying from an opioid overdose.
This technology includes the identification and use of a ketamine metabolite, (2R,6R)-2-amino-2-(2-chlorophenyl)-6-hydroxycyclohexanone (HNK), for the treatment of depression. Ketamine is an NMDA receptor antagonist that exerts a rapid and sustained antidepressant and anti-suicidal effect. However, even low doses of ketamine has addictive and psychomimetic effects. The downstream metabolite, (2R,6R)-HNK, does not inhibit the NMDA receptor but recapitulates the antidepressant and anti-suicidal effect of ketamine.
This technology includes a transgenic mouse model of Niemann-Pick Disease Type C (NPC), which is a rare neurodegenerative disorder, characterized by intracellular accumulation of cholesterol and gangliosides. The mouse strain, Tg(Npcl), expresses wild-type NPC1 gene under the control of the prion promoter. When combined with the NPC deficient mouse model, BALB/c npcnih/nih, also known as Npcl-/-, the transgene insertion allele rescues life expectancy of Npc1-/- mice. Npc1-/- mouse have reduced life expectancy and die around 8 weeks, making it a difficult model to be utilized.