This technology includes GABAa a5 Negative Allosteric modulators (GABAa a5 NAMs) which have been recently discovered to act as fast-acting antidepressants in a variety of mouse models of depression. These NAMs are actively metabolized in vivo. This invention involves the conceptualization and synthesis of GABAa a5 NAM molecules with a deuterium in the active metabolic position. This significantly increased the metabolic stability, while still retaining the antidepressant activity.
These molecules have similar activity as GABAa a5 NAMs to the current molecules in clinical trials, while having significantly improved metabolic stability, and likely longer half lives in vivo.