Folks, Thomas (CDC)
Switzer, William (CDC)
Occupational Safety and Health
In vitro data available
CDC researchers have developed methods for detecting retroviruses within a patient blood sample and discriminating HIV-1 samples within serum specimens. HIV-1 can be genetically classified into two major groups, group M (major) and Group O (outlier) with group O comprising all divergent viruses that do not cluster with group M. The identification of group O infections raised public health concerns about the safety of the blood supply because HIV-1 screening by group M-based serologic tests does not consistently detect group O infection.
The assay is based on the selective inhibition of Amp-RT reactivity of Group M viruses by nevirapine, a non-nucleoside RT inhibitor. Group O viruses can be generically identified by the resistance of their Amp-RT activity to nevirapine. The assay can be used to screening of the blood supply and to rapidly differentiate group M from group O virus.
- Clinical monitoring of individual patient antiretroviral therapy
- HIV/AIDS public health programs
- Surveillance of retroviral drug resistance
- Screening of blood donations
- Rapid diagnostic which greatly reduces time and labor for improved clinical monitoring of HIV treatment
- Ready for commercialization
- Easily adapted to kit format
- Assists continued usefulness of common antiretroviral therapeutics
- Useful for high-throughput serum samples screening